Glossary of terms
The terminology used to designate the different elements that make up the baenense brotherhood heritage make the local Holy Week rich in its own expressions, words that define the outfits and characters of these days and that make up a cultural heritage worth knowing.
Around the figure of the Jew there is a specific vocabulary that tells us about the baldric, the garish ones, the bursting back, the liñuelo… all of them words that are very familiar in the locality but that may be strange to those who meet them for the first time. this unique tradition. But there are also many other terms and expressions linked to this unique brotherhood tradition that are mentioned below in order to serve as an essential quick guide for those who want to know in depth one of the most spectacular festivals in Spain.
Lent and Holy Week
GUIDE D'ORIENTATION DES HORAIRES DES CÉLÉBRATIONS
MIÉRCOLES DE CENIZA21:00 horas
VIERNES DE CUARESMA21:00 horas
DOMINGO DE PASIÓN21:00 horas
JUEVES DE PASIÓN21:00 horas
VIERNES DE DOLORES21:00 horas
SÁBADO DE RAMOS21:00 horas
DOMINGO DE RAMOS21:00 horas
LUNES SANTO21:00 horas
MARTES SANTO21:00 horas
PROCESIÓN DE "LA BORRIQUITA"11:00 horas
ECHAR LAS CAJAS05:00 horas
PROCESIÓN DE LA COFRADÍA DEL HUERTO18:00 horas
CONFESIONES DE LOS JUDÍOS COLINEGROS11:00 horas
DESFILE DE LAS ESTACIONES17:00 horas
PROCESIÓN DEL PRENDIMIENTO21:00 horas
PROCESIÓN DEL SILENCIO01:00 horas
PROCESIÓN DE LA COFRADÍA DEL NAZARENO06:00 horas
PROCESIÓN DEL SANTO ENTIERRO21:00 horas
PROCESIÓN DEL RESUCITADO11:30 horas
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
It is said of the proper clothes of the Jew.
Made of hackberry wood, whose function is to hold the string that tightens the drum. They are provided with several holes through which said cord is inserted that tightens the skins until they are taut. His younger brothers the Arillos serve to mold these skins. It is an important technique that not everyone is trained to perform.
Step that is carried out during the processional route, being its protagonists a Jew and the four Evangelists. The former wants to see what the latter are writing and the latter prevent him by fleeing from him.
Pieces of leather whose mission is to tighten the cord of the drum.
Wooden drumsticks, finely finished by specialist turners, used to play the drum.
Piece of wood, as a sneak, used by the gangs and that identifies them as such.
Precious piece of metal used by the Jew as a hat. The niñuelos that form the tail are crimped on it and the duster is placed.
Horse bristle that the Jew wears depending on the case, and that according to its color, black or white, distinguishes the Jew that wears it.
Hemp rope used to tighten the drum and join its different pieces.
Front and movable part of the case, with grooves. The Jew “puts on the trap to scare”.
Squad Leader, either Jews or Brotherhoods. His mission is to bring order within them.
Chaqueta de Judío.
Jew who carries the white bristle.
Jew who carries the black bristle.
Kind of fine ropes, made of different materials, which are supported on the lower skin of the drum. There are several pairs that a drum carries. Important elements since its sonority depends on them.
Four people who act as such. They execute along with the Jews the El Paso (“to scare”) during the processional parades.
Phrase that defines the fact of playing the drum in the early morning hours of Holy Wednesday, officially beginning the Holy Week acts.
Cylindrical piece of metal with great resonance. It is the soul of the drum.
Person belonging to a Brotherhood or Brotherhood.
A person who is properly dressed and uniformed is the center and reflection of Holy Week in Baena. Your mission is to beat the drum.
Background supplement. It is used to tighten and adjust the screeches.
Niñuelo o Liñuelo
Set of bristles, similar in size, joined at the top. With each of them one or two braids are made, which when undone give the tail a curly appearance.
Distinctive, insignia or shield that serves to identify the Jew of one Gang from another. It is worn on the lapel of the jacket.
Religious acts that are celebrated on Fridays of Lent and some other day within it. The Jews and brotherhoods move to the different temples where the priest awaits them to celebrate the Holy Mass.
Multicolored pieces of the same name that the Jew wears around his neck.
Pieces of beautifully colored feathers worn by the Jew on his helmet.
Pieces of goat skin, goat or plastic molded on a ring. The one that is placed on top of the drum (goatskin), receives the beats of the drumstick. On the one that is placed in the lower part (goat or plastic) the shriekers that give the sound to the drum rest.
String superturn, as a final shot, which has the mission of tightening the drum as much as possible.
Sacred figures, usually carved in wood, which are placed on the litter.
Musical instrument that in Baena is tuned and tuned as if it were a violin. It is the soul of Holy Week around which the brotherhood world moves and revolves.
White and Black. Ensemble or meeting of all the Jews who, under the command of their different squads, in perfect formation and playing the drum, are obliged to attend all official acts.
Person who, using this musical instrument, signals the beginning of the dance (frightening) of the Jew with the Evangelist.
“Little brother of the first.” Smaller drum with thicker skins, no squeakers, very low sounding.
Tahalío, tahalí, talí
A kind of belt, to the shoulder strap or on both shoulders, which finished off with a hook, is used for the Jew or brother to hang the drum from it.